8.4. Locks and drives of locks of side doors

Possible malfunctions of locks and drives of locks of side doors, their reasons and ways of elimination

Features of a design

Fig. 8.12. Installation of locks and handles of a forward door: 1 – drive of the internal handle; 2 – facing of the handle; 3 – internal handle; 4 – draft; 5 – holder of draft of the internal handle; 6 – bolt; 7 – washer; 8 – bolt; 9 – washer; 10 – button of the external handle; 11 – screw of fastening of the lock; 12 – washer; 13 – lock switch; 14 – laying; 15 – the spring is lamellar; 16 – lock drive; 17 – button pusher; 18 – door lock spring; 19 – switching off lever spring; 20 – draft of switching off; 21 – the washer is basic; 22 – lock finger; 23 – plate; 24 – door lock; 25 – the handle is external


Fig. 8.13. Installation of locks and handles of a back door: 1 – drive of the internal handle; 2 – facing of the handle; 3 – internal handle; 4 – draft; 5 – holder of draft of the internal handle; 6 – bolt; 7 – washer; 8 – bolt; 9 – washer; 10 – button of the external handle; 11 – screw of fastening of the lock; 12 – washer; 13 – lock drive; 14 – button pusher; 15 – lock spring; 16 – switching off lever spring; 17 – the washer is basic; 18 – lock finger; 19 – plate; 20 – door lock; 21 – the handle is external


Locks of side doors of fork type. They consist of actually lock 24 (fig. 8.12) (20 in fig. 8.13) and its drive 16 (13), connected by three screws 11 in one knot at installation on a door. The lock directly interacts with the finger 22 (18) established on a body rack. The drive operates operation of the lock: provides opening of a door outside and from within, blocks the lock to prevent access outside, and for back doors – and opening of doors from within (from childish prank). The drive is connected with the external handle and with the drive of the internal handle. Besides, on a forward left door the drive allows to block the lock outside via the switch.

Replacement of a spring of the drive of locks of side doors of the internal handle
1. Remove a door upholstery.
2. Turn off four bolts 6 (see fig. 8.12, 8.13) fastenings of the drive 1.
3. Disconnect the drive from draft 4. For release of draft turn the plastic holder 5 to an exit from gearing with draft then the end of draft can be taken out freely from an opening in the holder.

Fig. 8.14. The drive of locks of side doors from the internal handle: 1 – the handle is internal; 2 – rivet; 3 – axis; 4 – roller; 5 – arm; 6 – spring; 7 – cover; 8, 9 – rivets; 10 – plug; 11 – case


4. For replacement of a spring of 6 (fig. 8.14) drill a rivet 8, remove the remains of an old spring, establish a new spring, having hooked on it one end for a ledge, and to others – оперев on a roller 4, and a rasklepayta a rivet.
5. Check operation of the drive.
6. Connect the drive to draft.
7. Install the drive and an upholstery.

Removal and installation of locks of side doors and their drives
All types of repair of locks of doors and drives demand their removal from the car.
1. Lift glass.
2. Remove an upholstery.
3. Disconnect drafts from the internal drive.
4. Unscrew three screws 11 (see fig. 8.12; 8.13) fastenings of the lock 24 (20) and drive 16 (13).
5. Remove the lock outside and pull out the drive through technological windows in the internal panel from within.
6. Put the lock with the drive upside-down.

Replacement of a spring of a doggie and fork of the lock
1. Unscrew three screws 11 (see fig. 8.12; 8.13) fastenings also remove the lock 24 or 20.
2. Wrap screws 11 in carving openings of the drive 16 or 13 for keeping it on the place.

Fig. 8.15. Door lock: 1 – plate; 2 – lock doggie; 3 – axis of a doggie; 4 – spring of a doggie; 5 – lock case; 6 – fork axis; 7 – fork spring; 8 – lock fork


3. By means of the screw-driver separate the plastic case 5 (fig. 8.15) from a plate 1 with priklepanny to it on axes a fork 8 and a doggie 2.
4. Remove the remains of a faulty spring 4 or 7.
5. Establish new springs, at the same time collect a plate with the case, holding the ends of springs in the situation shown in fig. 8.15.
6. After preliminary assembly to a napressuyta the plastic case 5 for the ends of axes 6 and 3 of a fork and a doggie.
7. Using the screw-driver as a lock finger, check operation of the lock, opening and closing it several times.
8. Turn out screws 11 (see fig. 8.12 and 8.13) and put the lock on a door.
9. Check correctness of operation of locks, closing and opening several times a door.
10. Establish an upholstery.

Replacement of a spring of the lever of the external drive
1. Remove an upholstery and the drive of the lock.

Fig. 8.16. Drive of the lock of a forward door: 1 – drive case; 2 – lever of the internal drive; 3 – lever of the external drive; 4 – earring; 5 – switching lever; 6 – switching off lever spring; 7 – spring of the lever of the external drive; 8 – rivet; 9, 10 – washers; 11 – switching off lever




Fig. 8.17. Drive of the lock of a back door: 1 – drive case; 2 – lever of the internal drive; 3 – lever of the external drive; 4 – earring; 5 – switching lever; 6 – switching off lever spring; 7 – spring of the lever of the external drive; 8 – rivet; 9, 10 – washers; 11 – switching off lever; 12 – the lever is blocking


2. Remove the got stuck remains of the broken spring of 7 (fig. 8.16 and 8.17).
3. Install drive levers in the situation shown in fig. 8.16; 8.17.
4. Hook on one end of a spring for an opening in the lever 3 of the external drive, having put levers in the position shown in fig. 8.16; 8.17.
5. Through a window in the case flat-nose pliers hook on 1 second end of a spring for a crossing point between two openings in the case.
6. Put the lock and the drive into place.
7. Establish an upholstery.

Replacement of a spring of the lever of switching off
1. Remove an upholstery and the drive of the lock.
2. Remove the got stuck remains of the broken spring 6 (see fig. 8.16; 8.17).
3. Install drive levers in the situation shown in fig. 8.16; 8.17.
4. Arrange a spring so that its ends were turned to a switching off lever 11 axis, and by means of the screw-driver bring the end to an opening on the switching off lever.
5. By means of the screw-driver bring the second end to an opening in the case.
6. Check operation of the lever of switching off. It has to be fixed reliably in extreme provisions.
7. Install the drive into place.
8. Establish an upholstery.

Replacement of a spring of the switch of locks of forward doors
1. Lift glass and remove an upholstery.
2. Disconnect draft 20 (see fig. 8.12) from the switch 13, having removed a draft tip from a switch lead.
3. The screw-driver pull out a lamellar spring 15 from under a switch case ledge, remove the switch.

Fig. 8.18. Door lock switch: 1 – lead of draft of the switch; 2 – the spring is returnable; 3 – switch cylinder; 4 – cylinder nest; 5 – keys with a ring; 6 – pin


4. Beat out a pin of 6 (fig. 8.18) of a lead of 1 switch and remove a lead.
5. Remove the remains of the broken returnable spring 2.
6. Establish a new spring.
7. Establish a lead 1, as shown in fig. 8.18.
8. Install the switch into place, having fixed it by a lamellar spring.
9. Connect thirst for a switch lead.
10. Establish an upholstery.

Replacement of a spring of the button of the external handle of a door
1. Lift glass and remove an upholstery.
2. Turn off two bolts 8 (see fig. 8.12; 8.13) fastenings of the handle 25 or 21.

Fig. 8.19. External handle of a door: 1 – the handle is external; 2 – bracket; 3 – button; 4 – spring


3. Having wrung out hooks of the button 3 (fig. 8.19), remove the button from the handle 1.
4. Remove the remains of the broken spring 4.
5. Insert a new spring and install the button into place.
6. Install the handle into place so that a pusher of the 17 or 14 button (see fig. 8.12; 8.13) got to an opening in the button.
7. Wrap two bolts of fastening of the handle.
8. Check operation of the button and establish an upholstery.